Project NameTWA Hotel
|Project Name||TWA Hotel||Posted in||Architecture||Location||
John F. Kennedy International Airport
New York,United States
|Area (sqm)||36,418||Completed||May 2019|
Since its opening in 1962, Eero Saarinen’s TWA Flight Center at New York’s Idlewild—now John F. Kennedy—Airport has been synonymous with the glamour of the Jet Age and the optimism of post-war America. Designated as a New York City landmark in 1994 and listed on the National Registers of Historic Places in 2005, Saarinen’s soaring terminal building captures the exhilarating sensation of flying through its dynamic form and free-flowing interior, while its iconic crimson and white futuristic design aesthetic encapsulates the splendour of mid-century modernism. Having been shut down for the past 18 years, the iconic terminal’s recent rebirth as TWA Hotel, spearheaded by New York-based Beyer Blinder Belle Architects & Planners in partnership with MCR and MORSE Development, not only safeguarded the building’s structural integrity and ensured its meticulous and faithful restoration, but also reinstated it as a cathedral of aviation, allowing travellers to experience its inimitable, forward-looking character once again.
Completed one year after his death in 1961, Saarinen’s futuristic design caught the public’s imagination and lavished TWA with publicity and attention, which was exactly what the branding-savvy airline had aimed for when it approached Saarinen who had already designed distinct buildings for General Motors and IBM. Ironically, from a practical perspective, the terminal was far from a success; designed before airlines began to replace the older propeller-driven airplanes, it couldn’t cope with the wide-body jets, eventually closing its doors in 2001—the inconvenient amount of stairs between check-in, lounges, and gates didn’t help either. It may have taken two decades but finally the building has re-opened its doors to the public as the centrepiece of the brand-new TWA Hotel, JFK’s only on-airport hospitality venue.
Housing most of the hotel’s pubic areas, the renovated terminal is complemented by two new guestroom wings by Brooklyn-based architects Lubrano Ciavarra in the back which conveniently blot out the airport’s messy sprawl, and a new conference centre underneath by New York-based INC Architecture & Design which includes 45 meeting rooms and a 650-square-metre banquet hall
Based on as-built record drawings dating from 1964, Beyer Blinder Belle meticulously restored Saarinen’s masterpiece to its former glory with the same materials painstakingly sourced from around the world, including sample boards housed in the Saarinen Archive at Yale University. From the iconic concrete shell roof segments that have been repaired and soundproofed, the monumental curtain walls and linear skylights that have been fitted with new glazing, to the restored three-sided Vulcain clock, and the revived Chili Pepper Red carpet and ceramic penny tiles, the hotel’s lobby is a mid-century fantasy come true.
Nostalgic as it is, the fluid interiors have however been thoroughly adapted to serve the building’s contemporary function. The hotel’s reception desk occupies what was once the international check-in counter, while the old domestic check-in area serves as a food hall, the counters populated by food vendors and baristas. Undoubtedly, the heart of the restored flight centre beats at the heart-shaped, crimson-coloured ‘Sunken Lounge’. Sporting a new split flap departures board by Solari di Udine, the Italian manufacturer of the terminal’s original displays, underneath which guests sip vintage cocktails once served to TWA’s first class passengers as well as original signature cocktails such as Come Fly With Me, inspired by Frank Sinatra’s 1958 album cover. Cocktails are also served on-board “Connie”, a restored 1958 Lockheed Constellation airplane-turned-cocktail-bar parked on the tarmac outside the ‘Sunken Lounge’, and at ‘Paris Café’ on the mezzanine level. Occupying the terminal’s original Paris Café and Lisbon Lounge, the elegant, light-filled venue serves breakfast, lunch and dinner by Michelin-starred Chef Jean-Georges Vongerichten in a setting right out of Mad Men.
Reached via the two tubular red-carpeted tunnels that once led towards the boarding gates, the two seven-storey wings flanking the Flight Center contain 512 rooms and suites as well as a rooftop infinity pool and observation deck overlooking the airport’s runways. Designed by New York-based interior design firm Stonehill Taylor, the guestroom interiors channel mid-century modernism through walnut panelling, Saarinen-designed womb chairs and tulip tables and a period martini bar, while the bathroom amenities, which are packed as TWA’s first class flight kits, and the complimentary bright-red TWA-embossed pencils brandish the hotel’s aviation heritage. Mid-century modernism has also informed INC’s interior design of the subterranean conference centre where hardwoods, terrazzo floors, and brass detailing reflect Saarinen’s design palette.
Every aspect of the hotel, from the 1960s soundtrack entertaining guests at the bar, to the 1960s themed staff uniforms, to the copies of Life magazine in the guestrooms, pay tribute to TWA's golden age, as do a collection of aviation and architectural artefacts curated by the New-York Historical Society, which includes vintage furniture from TWA’s headquarters and stewardess uniforms by Pierre Balmain, Valentino and Yves Saint Laurent, and a selection of artist David Klein’s famous TWA travel posters on display at the 'Hall of Kleins'. The latter are displayed at the 'Ambassador Lounge' where guests also stumble upon the ‘Pope’s Room’, a cosy, gold-hued, padded booth designed for Pope John Paul II whom TWA carried for all of his three visits to the US. Sipping a Dry Martini at the same booth that the Pope sojourned at may not be strictly classified as a spiritual experience but it’s definitely one more testament to the building’s cathedral-like status.